Basketball Basics For New Players And Coaches

Basketball is an indoor game that is played between two teams on a rectangular court. Each team consists of five players. The team that has the ball is called the offensive team and the opponent team is called the defence team. There are two hoops on both sides of the court that alleviate almost 10 feet off the ground. 

The purpose of this general article is to describe the rules and regulations of the basketball game to new players and coaches and give them the basic knowledge to learn themselves the basic skills of the game, team organization, how to coach your team and so many helpful tips. 

The newcomer players, as well as coaches, will be also able to learn about the basketball court, rules of a coach and the players need to know, fundamentals of the game and drills for teaching, ball handling, dribbling, passing, shooting, individual offence, defence, and how to plan a training session. 

Resources from Wikipedia

James Naismith was the first person who published the rules for the game of “Basketball” on January 15, 1892. Following I have described the basic rules of the “National Basketball Association” for players. Let’s peruse and understand them.

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The Rules for court:

Basketball is an indoor game. Two teams can play this game and each team consists of five players.

The basketball game is played on a rectangular playground or court, and a mid-court line separates the court into two halves. 

There are two hoops at each end of the court, one for the offensive team and the other for the defender team.

Every team has to shoot the ball through her opponent’s hoop. 

The team that has the ball is called offensive and the team that is without the ball is called defence.

If the offensive team keep the ball into the playground behind from the mid-court line, the offensive team has only ten seconds to get the ball over the mid-court line.

If the offensive team does not do it then the defence team will get the ball.

If the offensive team take the ball to the other side of the mid-court line, it cannot bring the ball back to its mid-court side. 

If it happens, the defence team will get the ball.

Each team tries to put the ball through the opponent team’s hoop.

The defence team has the right to steal the ball, deflect passes, contest shots and garner rebounds to give a tough time to the offensive team.

What are the rules for points in “Basketball”?

To make points, each team tries to put the ball into the basket, one basket means 2 points. If once the ball goes through the hoop that team will score 2 points.

If one team gets the points then the ball goes to the defence team.

The team that makes the goal from the outside of the “three-point arc, that goal has the worth of three points.

When a team commits several fouls in a half, the free throws have been awarded to the other team. 

If a team member fouls the shot of a shooter then three free throws have been awarded to the shooter.

The use of these free three shots are specific If he succeeds to fulfil his first free throw, then he can use the second free throw otherwise, the ball will live on the rebound.

Rule of “The Game Clock

The basketball game has two halves.

Each half time break consists of 15 minutes.

There are also short breaks in the game.

In the case of a draw, an overtime period provides until the winner does not emerge.

Basket Assignment and Tip-Off

Every team has to defend its hoop and the other hoop is their points basket.

The beginning point of the game is the centre of the court.

A referee tosses the ball in the air. The player that touches the ball tip it to a teammate. This rule is called a tip-off.

Fouls and Violations in “Basketball”

To snatch the ball from the opponent team members by illegal means is called foul.

There are so many types of fouls in the basketball game. To play a safe game it is very necessary to learn about these fouls. Here I have listed the types of fouls. Let’s check out them one by one.

The fouls:

Personal fouls: This is a very common type of fouls in the basketball game. It means illegal physical contact. It may be by hitting, pushing, slapping, and holding the opponent players. There is also another type of personal foul “Illegal pic/screen — If an offensive player blocks the way of the defender player.

Personal Foul Penalties: If a player tries to shoot while being fouled, then he has two chances of free throws if he does not succeed in his first attempt, and if he succeeds in his first attempt then he cannot shot the second free throw.

Inbounds foul: If any player commits a foul while not shooting then the ball is given to the team that has committed the foul. They have 5 seconds to pass the ball onto the court.

One and One foul: If any team commits seven fouls in the game then the fouled player has been awarded a chance to shot a free throw. If he succeeds then another free throw also awards him.

Ten or more fouls: If any team commits ten or more ten fouls in the game then fouled players have a chance of two free throws.

Blocking foul: This foul is related to the defender team. It is an illegal personal contact of a defender player to the offensive player. The defender does not set the position in time. 

Charging foul: Charging foul is done by the offensive team. When an offensive player pushes the defensive player. In this case, the ball is awarded to the team that the foul was done upon.

Flagrant foul: This category of foul is related to the violation. When a player contact with another player by illegal hitting, kicking, and punching. If any team member does this then the opponent team will be awarded free throws.

Intentional foul: If any player tries to make physical contact with other players without any reason and tries to snatch the ball, it is called an intentional foul. In the basketball rules, it is called a judgment call for the officials.

Technical foul: A technical foul is related to manners. If any player or a coach uses loose talk, obscenity, obscene gestures, and argues with the opponents, it will be considered a technical foul. 

The violations:

Walking/Traveling: Without dribbling the ball from the hoop taking more than “a step and a half step” considers walking. 

Carrying/Palming: If any player takes the ball with his hands too far then the carrying violation is applied.

Double Dribble: To dribble the ball with both hands two times is called a double dribble.

Held ball: Sometimes, two or more opponent players held the ball at the same time, to prevent the violation the referee stops the game and gives the ball to another team.

Goal-tending: If the player of the defensive team restricts the goal and touches the backboard then the opponent team will be awarded the ball.

Backcourt Violation: When the offensive team has crossed the mid-court line, they have no option to go back across the line. If one of them does that, the ball will be awarded to the defensive team.

Time Restrictions: In a basketball match, a player has only 5 seconds to pass the ball. If he takes the time more than 5 seconds, the ball will be given to the defensive team.

Coaching skills

A coach is a person who well knows about the rules and regulations of basketball and teaches the players how to do and what to do. Let’s see what should be the responsibilities of a coach and how he trains his team. 

The Player Positions: First of all, a coach should know about the positions of players according to their height and performance. Let’s check it out.

Center: In the middle of the court usually, the tallest players are appointed to protect the basket from goal.

Offensive: The main purpose of offensive players is to block the defenders and to help other players basket a goal. 

Defensive: Defensive players are much taller, they are responsible to prohibit the opponents and block them, and pass the ball in the key area. 

Forward players: These players operate the wing and corner areas of the court. They are also responsible for the pass, take outside shots, drive for goals, and rebound.

Guards: These players are the shortest in the team. They are good at dribbling fast, seeing the court, and passing. They are also responsible to steal the passes, contesting shots, preventing drives to the hoop, and boxing out.

Rip and Ready Position: Rip and ready positions are very important to know. A player stands in this position when he has caught the ball. In this position, he is ready to pass, shoot, or dribble the ball. They should know how to take the rip and ready position versus a defender and pivoting also.

Some Useful Techniques: Coaches must need to teach these techniques to the players.

Dribbling: Dribbling is an efficient technique of basketball. The player bents his knees, keep his head up to see the floor. He keeps on dribbling the ball, below the level of his waist, and keeps away from the defender. A dribbler has to learn stationary dribble, open the court dribble, speed dribble, crossover dribble, and change of speed with stops and starts.

Passing: The players pass the ball in a rip and ready position. The player has to hold the ball with spread fingers and push the ball ahead and pass the ball to his teammates. They should have the skill to fake a pass to make a pass. The players have to learn the chest pass to standing and moving target, bounce pass to standing and moving target, overhead pass to standing and moving target, and dribble passing. 

Catching: Catching the pass is also another skill that the players have to learn. The receiver should fix his eyes on the ball and showing a target to the passer. The receiver has to get in a rip and ready position for catching the ball. A player should learn how to stand for catching the ball and how to catch the moving ball with a V-cut.

Jump Shots (Beef Approach): “BEEF” is a technical approach of Balance, Elbow, Eyes, and Follow thru. Balance is important and necessary in every part of life. When you are playing basketball your weight should be evenly distributed between both feet make a perfect balance. The shooting hand has been placed on the side of the ball as a guide.

The and forearm should be kept with the basket and the lead foot. The eyes should be focused on the target during the shot and the flight of the ball. The last technique is to follow thru. When a player throws the ball with a relaxed wrist action it is called follow thru action. A player should learn how to jump shots, shooting from the pass, dribble, and free throws.

Lay up shots: This is also an important technique. The player plays this shot when he has to shot the ball into the basket. The players should learn how to do the moving lay-up action from both sides. 


Couches behaviour should be positive. They are responsible for planning the strategies, organising team management, and delivering an appropriate level of sports indoor and outdoor activities. He also develops the programmes for and individuals and the whole team. Particularly he has to teach sports relevant skills, tactics, and techniques. They should read

the players abilities and train them according to their best skills and knowledge. A good coach has to practice the game himself and show the moves practically to his pupils. Students or players should make sure they have clear thoughts of training. A player or pupil should not be violated by the other teammates. He should always treat with teammates and coaching staff with courtesy. He should always encourage and support team members. He must learn the rules of the game and behave with everybody politely and respectfully. 

Final Verdict:

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